SPC volume 90 issue 1 Cover and Front matterSpeculum

About

Text

S P E C U L U M

A J o u r n a l o f M e d i e v a l S t u d i e s

J A N U A R Y 2 0 1 5

T h e M e d i e v a l A c a d e m y o f A m e r i c a

Everyone interested in the Middle Ages is invited to join the Medieval Academy of

America.

MEMBER BENEFITS • Speculum: a quarterly journal with over a thousand pages each year of articles and reviews in all areas of medieval studies • Medieval Academy books: 20 percent discount on over one hundred titles • Cambridge University Press books: 20 percent discount on all titles • Book subventions: subventions to not-for-profit publishers for first books by

Academy members • Annual meeting: discounted registration fees for Academy members • Travel subventions: for outstanding papers by graduate students • Travel grants: to independent scholars and to untenured faculty to attend conferences • Baldwin and Schallek Fellowships: year-long fellowships to support dissertation research in French history and British studies • Dissertation grants and Schallek Awards: awarded to doctoral candidates to help defray dissertation expenses • CARA tuition grants: summer grants for graduate students taking courses in medieval languages and paleography • John Leyerle Prize: awarded to a doctoral candidate conducting research in

Toronto libraries and collections • CARA awards: recognition of excellence in teaching and of distinguished service to medieval studies • Online bibliographies: discounted subscriptions to the International Medieval

Bibliography and to Iter • Online member directory: updated regularly and available only to Academy members • Individual subscriptions to ACLS Humanities E-Book (nearly four thousand monographs in the humanities)

MEMBER CATEGORIES • Active Member: $100–175 (depending on salary level). The base annual dues rate. • Contributing Member: $150–225 (depending on salary level). Payment of this rate makes possible reduced rates for student, unemployed, and retired members. • Sustaining Member: $200–275 (depending on salary level). Established members of the profession who support the work of the Academy; $50 of this rate is treated as a gift. • Retired Member: $60. Members may elect to pay reduced dues after retirement.

Members of thirty-five years’ standing who are retired may request Emeritus

Membership, which exempts them from the payment of dues. • Independent Scholar, Unemployed, or Part-Time Employed Member: $60. • Student Member: $30. • Joint Member: $40 ($25 for students) surcharge on the individual annual rate. Two members living at the same address who wish to receive only one copy of Speculum but to retain separate memberships with full privileges may do so by paying dues at one of the individual rates plus the surcharge.

SUBSCRIPTIONS

Libraries and other institutions may subscribe to the print and the electronic editions of

Speculum directly through Cambridge Journals Online.

To join the MAA or for membership details, see our website: www.MedievalAcademy.org.

The Medieval Academy of America 17 Dunster St., Suite 202, Cambridge, MA 02138 (617-491-1622; fax 617-492-3303)

Cambridge Journals Online

For further information about this journal please go to the journal website at: journals.cambridge.org/spc

S

P

E

C

U

L

U

M

Vol. 90, N o. 1

J

A

N

U

A

R

Y 2 0 1 5

T h e M e d i e v a l A c a d e m y o f A m e r i c a

PRESIDENT

William Chester Jordan, Princeton University

FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT

Barbara Newman, Northwestern University

SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT

Carmela Vircillo Franklin, Columbia University

COUNCILLORS

Christopher Baswell, Barnard College and Columbia University

Brigitte Bedos-Rezak, New York University

Susan Einbinder, University of Connecticut

Richard Firth Green, The Ohio State University

Cynthia Hahn, Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY

Samantha Kelly, Rutgers University

Thomas F. Madden, Saint Louis University

Maureen C. Miller, University of California, Berkeley

Elizabeth Morrison, J. Paul Getty Museum

William North, Carleton College

Miri Rubin, Queen Mary, University of London

Anders Winroth, Yale University

TREASURER

Eugene W. Lyman, Edwardsville, IL

PRESIDENT OF THE FELLOWS

Mary Carruthers, New York University

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

Lisa Fagin Davis

ASSISTANT TO THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

Sheryl Mullane-Corvi

COMMUNICATIONS AND MEMBERSHIPS COORDINATOR

Christopher Cole

Cover: Cristoforo Grassi’s 1597 tempera-on-canvas version of this 1481 aerial view of Genoa, in its praise of the success of the city, shows the results of the growth of commerce in the high and late Middle Ages and the vehicles which made success possible. The ships are of varied types, each designed for specifi c services, ranging from galleys for war to large cargo ships for carrying bulk goods to the English Channel. The extensive port facilities, gradually developed by the city over centuries to meet growing needs for cargo handling, include quays, lighthouses, and even fl oating dredgers to maintain harbor depth. Galeta Museo del Mare, Genoa, N. I. M. N. 3486 (detail).

Reproduced with the permission of the museum.

Submissions to Speculum

Speculum is a scholarly journal open to contributions in all fields studying the Middle Ages, a period ranging from approximately 500 to 1500. The primary emphasis is on western Europe, but Arabic, Byzantine, Hebrew, and Slavic studies are also included. The language of publication is English.

Articles may be submitted on any medieval topic. All disciplines, methodologies, and approaches are welcome. In keeping with the Academy’s goal of representing all fields of medieval studies, individual issues usually include articles on a variety of subjects, in a variety of disciplines.

Articles on interdisciplinary topics or articles that tackle large interpretative questions, undertake the synthetic analysis of major methodologies, or consider newer theoretical approaches to medieval studies are encouraged. Highly focused studies are welcome, but preference will be given to articles of interest to readers in more than one discipline and beyond the specialty in question. Authors should consider the multidisciplinary audience of Speculum, should craft their material to appeal to a large audience of medievalists, and should provide sufficient context for readers who are not already experts in the subject matter of their articles.