SPC volume 90 issue 1 Cover and Front matterSpeculum




A J o u r n a l o f M e d i e v a l S t u d i e s

J A N U A R Y 2 0 1 5

T h e M e d i e v a l A c a d e m y o f A m e r i c a

Everyone interested in the Middle Ages is invited to join the Medieval Academy of


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Vol. 90, N o. 1







Y 2 0 1 5

T h e M e d i e v a l A c a d e m y o f A m e r i c a


William Chester Jordan, Princeton University


Barbara Newman, Northwestern University


Carmela Vircillo Franklin, Columbia University


Christopher Baswell, Barnard College and Columbia University

Brigitte Bedos-Rezak, New York University

Susan Einbinder, University of Connecticut

Richard Firth Green, The Ohio State University

Cynthia Hahn, Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY

Samantha Kelly, Rutgers University

Thomas F. Madden, Saint Louis University

Maureen C. Miller, University of California, Berkeley

Elizabeth Morrison, J. Paul Getty Museum

William North, Carleton College

Miri Rubin, Queen Mary, University of London

Anders Winroth, Yale University


Eugene W. Lyman, Edwardsville, IL


Mary Carruthers, New York University


Lisa Fagin Davis


Sheryl Mullane-Corvi


Christopher Cole

Cover: Cristoforo Grassi’s 1597 tempera-on-canvas version of this 1481 aerial view of Genoa, in its praise of the success of the city, shows the results of the growth of commerce in the high and late Middle Ages and the vehicles which made success possible. The ships are of varied types, each designed for specifi c services, ranging from galleys for war to large cargo ships for carrying bulk goods to the English Channel. The extensive port facilities, gradually developed by the city over centuries to meet growing needs for cargo handling, include quays, lighthouses, and even fl oating dredgers to maintain harbor depth. Galeta Museo del Mare, Genoa, N. I. M. N. 3486 (detail).

Reproduced with the permission of the museum.

Submissions to Speculum

Speculum is a scholarly journal open to contributions in all fields studying the Middle Ages, a period ranging from approximately 500 to 1500. The primary emphasis is on western Europe, but Arabic, Byzantine, Hebrew, and Slavic studies are also included. The language of publication is English.

Articles may be submitted on any medieval topic. All disciplines, methodologies, and approaches are welcome. In keeping with the Academy’s goal of representing all fields of medieval studies, individual issues usually include articles on a variety of subjects, in a variety of disciplines.

Articles on interdisciplinary topics or articles that tackle large interpretative questions, undertake the synthetic analysis of major methodologies, or consider newer theoretical approaches to medieval studies are encouraged. Highly focused studies are welcome, but preference will be given to articles of interest to readers in more than one discipline and beyond the specialty in question. Authors should consider the multidisciplinary audience of Speculum, should craft their material to appeal to a large audience of medievalists, and should provide sufficient context for readers who are not already experts in the subject matter of their articles.