S P E C U L U M
A J o u r n a l o f M e d i e v a l S t u d i e s
J A N U A R Y 2 0 1 5
T h e M e d i e v a l A c a d e m y o f A m e r i c a
Everyone interested in the Middle Ages is invited to join the Medieval Academy of
MEMBER BENEFITS • Speculum: a quarterly journal with over a thousand pages each year of articles and reviews in all areas of medieval studies • Medieval Academy books: 20 percent discount on over one hundred titles • Cambridge University Press books: 20 percent discount on all titles • Book subventions: subventions to not-for-profit publishers for first books by
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Toronto libraries and collections • CARA awards: recognition of excellence in teaching and of distinguished service to medieval studies • Online bibliographies: discounted subscriptions to the International Medieval
Bibliography and to Iter • Online member directory: updated regularly and available only to Academy members • Individual subscriptions to ACLS Humanities E-Book (nearly four thousand monographs in the humanities)
MEMBER CATEGORIES • Active Member: $100–175 (depending on salary level). The base annual dues rate. • Contributing Member: $150–225 (depending on salary level). Payment of this rate makes possible reduced rates for student, unemployed, and retired members. • Sustaining Member: $200–275 (depending on salary level). Established members of the profession who support the work of the Academy; $50 of this rate is treated as a gift. • Retired Member: $60. Members may elect to pay reduced dues after retirement.
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Vol. 90, N o. 1
Y 2 0 1 5
T h e M e d i e v a l A c a d e m y o f A m e r i c a
William Chester Jordan, Princeton University
Barbara Newman, Northwestern University
Carmela Vircillo Franklin, Columbia University
Christopher Baswell, Barnard College and Columbia University
Brigitte Bedos-Rezak, New York University
Susan Einbinder, University of Connecticut
Richard Firth Green, The Ohio State University
Cynthia Hahn, Hunter College and the Graduate Center, CUNY
Samantha Kelly, Rutgers University
Thomas F. Madden, Saint Louis University
Maureen C. Miller, University of California, Berkeley
Elizabeth Morrison, J. Paul Getty Museum
William North, Carleton College
Miri Rubin, Queen Mary, University of London
Anders Winroth, Yale University
Eugene W. Lyman, Edwardsville, IL
PRESIDENT OF THE FELLOWS
Mary Carruthers, New York University
Lisa Fagin Davis
ASSISTANT TO THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
COMMUNICATIONS AND MEMBERSHIPS COORDINATOR
Cover: Cristoforo Grassi’s 1597 tempera-on-canvas version of this 1481 aerial view of Genoa, in its praise of the success of the city, shows the results of the growth of commerce in the high and late Middle Ages and the vehicles which made success possible. The ships are of varied types, each designed for specifi c services, ranging from galleys for war to large cargo ships for carrying bulk goods to the English Channel. The extensive port facilities, gradually developed by the city over centuries to meet growing needs for cargo handling, include quays, lighthouses, and even fl oating dredgers to maintain harbor depth. Galeta Museo del Mare, Genoa, N. I. M. N. 3486 (detail).
Reproduced with the permission of the museum.
Submissions to Speculum
Speculum is a scholarly journal open to contributions in all fields studying the Middle Ages, a period ranging from approximately 500 to 1500. The primary emphasis is on western Europe, but Arabic, Byzantine, Hebrew, and Slavic studies are also included. The language of publication is English.
Articles may be submitted on any medieval topic. All disciplines, methodologies, and approaches are welcome. In keeping with the Academy’s goal of representing all fields of medieval studies, individual issues usually include articles on a variety of subjects, in a variety of disciplines.
Articles on interdisciplinary topics or articles that tackle large interpretative questions, undertake the synthetic analysis of major methodologies, or consider newer theoretical approaches to medieval studies are encouraged. Highly focused studies are welcome, but preference will be given to articles of interest to readers in more than one discipline and beyond the specialty in question. Authors should consider the multidisciplinary audience of Speculum, should craft their material to appeal to a large audience of medievalists, and should provide sufficient context for readers who are not already experts in the subject matter of their articles.