Comparative analysis of the interactions between the FLEGT and REDD+ regimes in Cameroon and the Republic of CongoInt. Forest. Rev.

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Authors
Y.T. Tegegne, R.M. Ochieng, I.J. Visseren-Hamakers, M. Lindner, K.B. Fobissie
Year
2014
DOI
10.1505/146554814814095311
Subject
Geography, Planning and Development / Forestry / Ecology

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Comparative Analysis of the Interactions between the FLEGT and REDD+

Regimes in Cameroon and the Republic of Congo

Source: International Forestry Review, 16(6):602-614.

Published By: Commonwealth Forestry Association

URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1505/146554814814095311

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Usage of BioOne content is strictly limited to personal, educational, and non-commercial use. Commercial inquiries or rights and permissions requests should be directed to the individual publisher as copyright holder. 602 International Forestry Review Vol.16(6), 2014

Comparative analysis of the interactions between the

FLEGT and REDD+ regimes in Cameroon and the

Republic of Congo

Y.T. TEGEGNE1,3, R.M. OCHIENG2, I.J. VISSEREN-HAMAKERS2, M. LINDNER1 and K.B. FOBISSIE3,4 1European Forest Institute, Yliopistokatu 6, 80100 Joensuu, Finland 2Forest and Nature Conservation Policy group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands 3Viikki Tropical Resources Institute (VITRI), Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, Latokartanonkaari 7,

FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland 4WWF – Central Africa Regional Programme Office, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Email: yitagesu.tekle@efi.int, robert.ochieng@wur.nl, ingrid.visseren@wur.nl, marcus.lindner@efi.int, fobissie.kalame@helsinki.fi

SUMMARY

This paper aims to examine and compare the interactions between policy to combat illegal logging (FLEGT VPA) and avoiding deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo by applying an institutional interaction approach. Several interactions have occurred between the two regimes, and more interactions are expected. In both countries, the process for developing the VPA has served as a policy model for designing elements of REDD+. Overlaps in issue-areas and membership triggered these interactions. Implementation of the VPA is also expected to result in positive behavioural change among forest stakeholders that could in turn have positive impacts on

REDD+. There are also disruptive interactions, such as the slow pace of VPA implementation affecting REDD+ progress in both countries.

Furthermore, there is substantial similarity in terms of the nature and quality of interactions between Cameroon and Congo. Building understanding and exchange of information among stakeholders and request for assistance and jurisdictional delimitation could enhance synergies and mitigate disruptive interactions between the two regimes in both countries.

Keywords: Congo Basin, regime interaction, FLEGT, REDD+, forest governance

Analyse comparative des interactions entre les régimes FLEGT et REDD+ au Cameroun et dans la République du Congo

Y.T. TEGEGNE, R.M. OCHIENG, I.J. VISSEREN-HAMAKERS, M. LINDNER et K.B. FOBISSIE

Cet article vise à examiner et à comparer les interactions entre les politiques pour combattre la coupe de bois illégale (FLEGT VPA), et éviter la déforestation et la dégradation forestière (REDD+) au Cameroun et dans la République du Congo, en appliquant une approche d’interaction d’institutions. Plusieurs interactions ont pris place entre les deux régimes, et d’autres sont attendues. Dans les deux pays, le processus de développement de la VPA a servi comme modèle de politique pour modeler des éléments de REDD+. Des chevauchements dans des zones à problèmes et dans le statut d’adhésion ont précipité ces interactions. Il est prévu que la mise en pratique de la VPA résulte en un changement positif de comportement chez les parties prenantes forestières, lequel pourrait également avoir des impacts positifs sur la REDD+. Il existe également des interactions gênantes, telles que le rythme lent de la mise en pratique de la VPA affectant le progrès de la REDD+ dans les deux pays. Il existe de plus des similarités substantielles dans la qualité et la nature des interactions entre le Cameroun et le Congo. Développer une compréhension et un échange d’information parmi les parties prenantes et requérir une assistance et une délimitation juridique pourrait amplifier les synérgies et mitiger les interactions génantes entre les deux régimes dans ces deux pays.

Análisis comparativo de las interacciones entre las iniciativas FLEGT y REDD+ en el Camerún y la República del Congo

Y.T. TEGEGNE, R.M. OCHIENG, I.J. VISSEREN-HAMAKERS, M. LINDNER y K.B. FOBISSIE

Este artículo tiene por objeto examinar y comparar las interacciones entre las políticas de lucha contra las explotaciones forestales ilegales (AVA de FLEGT) y de reducción de la deforestación y la degradación forestal (REDD+) en el Camerún y la República del Congo mediante un planteamiento de interacción institucional. Se han producido varias interacciones entre ambas iniciativas, y se esperan más todavía. En ambos países, el proceso de desarrollo del AVA ha servido de modelo político para el diseño de elementos de REDD+. El solapamiento en cuanto a áreas temáticas y participantes ha causado estas interacciones. También se espera que la ejecución del AVA dé lugar a un cambio positivo en el

Comparative analysis of the interactions between the FLEGT and REDD+ 603 the participating countries and thereby reduce illegal logging in these countries.

The fact that both regimes focus on the same topic and that they are simultaneously being implemented in several tropical countries, raises the question of how these regimes influence one another’s development and implementation (Young 2002). Although, the issue of regime interaction has extensively been discussed in the literature (Young 1996,