Assessing the potential of algal biomass opportunities for bioenergy industry: A reviewFuel

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Authors
Kifayat Ullah, Mushtaq Ahmad, Sofia, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Pengmei Lu, Adam Harvey, Muhammad Zafar, Shazia Sultana
Year
2015
DOI
10.1016/j.fuel.2014.10.064
Subject
Organic Chemistry / Energy Engineering and Power Technology / Fuel Technology / Chemical Engineering (all)

Text

bc d ourt, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom a r t i c l e i n f o . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2. Algae derived biofuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 3.2.1. Hydrogen production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 3.2.2. Straight vegetable oil and biodiesel production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 3.2.3. Biobutanol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 3.2.4. Biogas and bioethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421 ⇑ Corresponding author. Tel.: +92 3339328026.

E-mail address: kifayat.dawar@comsats.edu.pk (K. Ullah).

Fuel 143 (2015) 414–423

Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Fuel3.1.1. Types of algae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 3.1.2. Algae biomass cultivation and yield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4192.2.1. Cellulosic ethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2.2. Second generation biofuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Integration and harmonization of third generation biofuel sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1. Algae biomass as a potential resource for bioenergy industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.10.064 0016-2361/ 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.. . 416 . . . 417 . . . 417Contents 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 2. Role of land in biofuel source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 2.1. First generation biofuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 2.1.1. Vegetable oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 2.1.2. Biodiesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 2.1.3. Bioalcohol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 2.2. Second generation biofuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416Article history:

Received 3 April 2014

Received in revised form 22 October 2014

Accepted 22 October 2014

Available online 20 November 2014

Keywords:

Algae biomass

Biofuel

Energy production

Bioenergy industrya b s t r a c t

In many developed and developing countries, algal biomass is no doubt considered a significant source of energy to be used for local industry and transportation but the fact remains that the information on current utilization of algal biomass is still estimated and partial. Much more information will have to be gathered on the use and availability of algal biomass; particularly the limitations of first and second generation biofuel have given rise to the current interest in algae as a promising alternative to these conventional biofuel sources. It is therefore in this context that the present communication focuses its efforts to have region based database able to provide information on specific biomass production, their utilization with the respect to sectors like region, industries, transportation, etc., also taking into consideration the strong need for research on third generation biofuel production. In the present review, a comprehensive survey on algal biomass resource for future, is addressed.  2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Guangzhou 510640, China e School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Merz CDepartment of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan

ENEA Research Centre Trisaia, Technical Unit for Trisaia Technologies, 75026 Rotondella (MT), Italy

Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy and Gas Hydrate, Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 2 Nengyuan Road, Wushan, Tianhe,tment of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Park Road, Chak Shahzad, Islamabad, PakistanKifayat Ullah a,⇑, Mushtaq Ahmad b, Sofia a, Vinod Kumar Sharma c, Pengmei Lu d, Adam Harvey e,